Spanish membership of the European Union revisited

Working Paper of the Elcano Royal Institute, June 2002, nº 2/2002.

Fifteen years on: Spanish Membership of the European Union revisited

This paper attempts to describe and account for the major changes undergone by Spain as an EU player since her accession in 1986.

Juan Carlos of Spain. Self-made monarch

King Juan Carlos of Spain is currently one of the world’s most popular and respected statesmen. This largely reflects the interest and admiration he has aroused both at home and abroad on account of his decisive contribution to the establishment and consolidation of democracy in Spain following the death of General Franco in November 1975. While seeking to determine the precise nature of his role in this process, widely publicised as a result of his part in aborting the military coup of February 1981, this political life of Juan Carlos also aims to shed new light on lesser-known episodes of his life, including his childhood and adolescence, the process leading to his proclamation as Franco’s successor in 1969 and his performance as Prince of Spain (1969-75). Additionally, it deals in detail with the King’s current role as constitutional monarch, his efforts to hold the newly created semi-federal Spanish state together, and his hitherto ignored contribution to foreign policy.

International aspects of democratization: the case of Spain

Laurence Whitehead (edit.), The international dimensions of democratization. Europe and the Americas, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1996. 2001, (pp. 285-314).

'Juan Carlos'

Recognized scholars from 15 countries offer rich political analyses of 71 European leaders chosen for the significant roles that they have played nationally, regionally, or internationally since 1945. Each in-depth political and intellectual biography assesses the leader’s achievements and failures in historical context, key career moments, major allies and opponents and their impact, and the leader’s interplay with different political institutions. The essays arranged alphabetically also give a few primary and secondary sources for further research. A short chronology and bibliographical essay on the subject of European political leadership and a full index further enhance this major reference designed for students, scholars, government officials, and journalists in political affairs, European studies, world history, and international relations. The essays arranged alphabetically also give a few primary and secondary sources for further research.
A short chronology and bibliographical essay on the subject of European political leadership and a full index further enhance this major reference designed for undergraduates and graduate students and for scholars, government officials, and journalists in political affairs, European studies, world history, and international relations.

Spain’s external relations, 1898-1975

Article in Richard Gillespie, Fernando Rodrigo & Jonathan Story, Democratic Spain: Reshaping External relations in a Changing World, Routledge, London, 1995, (pp. 11-29).

The ‘Tácito’ group and Spain’s transition to democracy, 1973-1978

Paul Preston y Frances Lannon, Elites and Power in Twentieth-Century Spain. Essays in honour of Sir Raymond Carr, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1990 (pp. 249-268).

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