Spain: Transition by Transaction

Spain’s democratizing process is a paradigmatic case of a ‘transition through transaction’, characterized by the following features: the (paradoxical) use of the former regime’s institutions and constitutional procedures to initiate the democratization process; negotiations between soft-liners in the outgoing authoritarian regime and representatives of major opposition groups; the inclusion of representatives of all key political forces in the decision-making process; and private face-to-face deliberations at crucial stages involving a relatively small number of participants.

La larga marcha hacia Europa: España y la Comunidad Europea, 1957-1986

El trigésimo aniversario de la firma del Tratado de Adhesión de España a las Comunidades Europeas el 12 de junio de 1985 ofrece un excelente pretexto para recordar los aspectos más notables de la larga marcha de España hacia la Europa comunitaria.

The Long Road to Europe: Spain and the European Community, 1957-1986

This article seeks to commemorate thirty years of Spanish membership of the European Union by providing an account of the evolution of the country’s relationship with the European integration process from its origins to the moment of accession in 1986.

Innovación, diplomacia y think tanks

Con Juan Luis Manfredi. La Diplomacia Pública como reto de la política exterior, Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores, Escuela Diplomática y Real Instituto Elcano, Madrid 2015 (pp. 59-67).

Letter From Madrid

Analysts in Madrid generally believe that Spain is punching below its weight in terms of its contribution to EU foreign policy. This may be a natural consequence of successive EU enlargements and the union’s increasingly heterogeneous character. Some, however, attribute this loss of influence to the fact that Spain has largely fulfilled the goals it set out to achieve on rejoining the European mainstream in the mid-1980s and urgently needs to identify new ones.

Carta de Charles Powell al ministro de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperación, José Manuel García Margallo

Carta de Charles Powell al ministro de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperación, José Manuel García Margallo, en respuesta a otra suya sobre las relaciones España-Estados Unidos, publicadas ambas en: José Manuel García Margallo, Todos los cielos conducen a España. Cartas desde un avión (Planeta, Barcelona, 2015).

La Spagna tra speranze e incertezze

Aspenia, Rivista di Aspen Institute Italia,  nº 65, giugno 2014, (pp. 73-81).

The Pain in Spain: Light at the End of the Tunnel

With Federico Steinberg. The International Spectator (Istituto Affari Internazionali), Vol. 47, nº 4, December 2012, (pp. 57-63).

The Pain in Spain. Madrid and the European Financial Crisis

VVAA, Southern Europe in Trouble. Domestic and Foreign Policy Challenges of the Financial Crisis, IAI-GMF Mediterranean Paper Series, The German Marshall Fund of the United States, Washington, 2012, (pp. 15-28).

Henry Kissinger y la Guerra Fría (1969-1976)

Jon Andoni Fernández de Larrea et al, Guerra, paz y diplomacia a lo largo de la historia, Universidad de Valladolid, Valladolid, 2012.  

2022 © Charles Powell